Acacia Nilotica: Introduction, Health Benefits and Uses of Babul Pods | Bark | Gum – 2022

Introduction of Acacia Nilotica (Babul)

Acacia Nilotica is popularly known as Babul or Kikar; it is a large tree up to 14 meters high with thorn branches. It has darkish grey bark and yellow flowers in spherical heads.

Babul botanical name is Acacia Nilotica, some other common names are kikar, gum arabic tree, babul, thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia, or thorny acacia, and acacia nilotica, it is mainly found in Africa, the middle east, and in India subcontinent.

Acacia Nilotica Tree

It yields a gum known as babul gum, the bark, leaves, and fruit of the babul tree all contain tannin and gallic acid. It is a flowering plant; in Ayurveda, it is used for various medicinal purposes.

Vachellia nilotica or kikar is used in Ayurveda since ancient times, it is called a healing tree. Roots, bark, pods, gum, leaves, and seeds are used for medicinal purposes.

The leaves are grey-green in color with hairy leaflets, flowers are sweetly scented and bright to golden yellow in color.

The fruits are linear, flattened, narrow indehiscent pods and dark brown to grey in color and glabrous or velvety. The pods contain 8 to 15 elliptical, flattened bean-shaped dark seeds.

Acacia Nilotica pods

It is a multipurpose tree, it provides timber, medicine, fuel, shade, food, fodder, honey, dye, gum, and fences. Consuming Babool powder with water once a day helps in relieving body pain without any side effects.

Health Benefits and Uses of Babul Pods, Bark, and Gum

The leaves, bark pods, and gum of the babul tree have medicinal properties. The leaves and the bark are useful in arresting secretion or bleeding. The pods help to remove catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tubes.

The gum allays any irritation of the skin and soothes the inflamed membranes of the pharynx, alimentary canal, and Genito-urinary organs.

Acacia Nilotica bark

Here are some health benefits and uses


Benefits – The leaves of the babul tree are effective medicine in the treatment of conjunctivitis, it helps to give relief from pain and redness.

Uses – Take fresh leaves of the babul tree, ground the paste, and applied to the affected eyes at night and bandage it, untied the next morning.


Benefits – The babul tree bark, gum, and leaves are beneficial in the treatment of diarrhea, decoction, infusion, and powder are the best.

Uses – Take a mixture of equal parts of the tender leaves with white and black cumin seeds administrated in doses of 12 grams, thrice daily. An infusion made of the bark of the babul tree taken thrice daily gives relief. The gum of the babul tree is used either in decoction or in syrup.


Benefits – The bark of the babul tree is an effective medicine in the treatment of eczema, it helps to soothe the affected part.

Uses – The affected part is fomented with the vapour of about 25 grams each of babul bark and mango tree bark, boiled in 1 liter of water. After fomentation anointing of the affected part with ghee is advised.


Benefits – The leaves are beneficial in treating epiphora, i.e., watering the eyes or when tears flow onto the cheeks due to a fault in the tear drainage system.

Uses – Take 250 grams of leaves have boiled them in one and a quarter liter of water until only a quarter-liter of water is left which is then filtered and kept in a corked bottle. This solution is used on the eyelids in the morning and evening.


Benefits – the bark of the babul tree is beneficial in the treatment of leucorrhea; it gives relief from inflammation and infection in the urinal tract.

Uses – Make a decoction prepared with the bark of the babul tree and used as a vaginal douche, two times a day.

Teeth disorders

Benefits – From ancient times babul bark is used for teeth and gums problems, it helps to arrest any bleeding from the gums and for cleaning teeth.

Uses – Take 60 grams of powder of charcoal of babul wood, 24 grams of roasted alum, and 12 grams of rock salt, it is an effective powder for cleaning teeth.


Benefits – Babul bark is beneficial in the treatment of tonsillitis, it helps to reduce inflammation and gives relief from sore throat.

Uses – Make a decoction of babul bark mixed with rock salt, use this decoction for gargling, thrice a day for 5 days.

Sexual Disorders

Benefits – Fresh babul pods are beneficial and effective medicine in sexual disorders like night discharge, loss of viscidity of the semen, and premature ejaculation.

In Ayurveda, a preparation made from the pods is considered highly beneficial in treating these disorders.

Uses – Take 6 grams of seedless babul pod powder and mixed with an equal weight of brown sugar. Take this mixture with cow’s milk in the morning.

Note: This post is about educating the benefits and uses of Bishop weed, consult the Ayurvedic doctor before starting.

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Frequently Asked Question

Q - What is the common name for Acacia nilotica?

Acacia nilotica botanical name is Vachellia nilotica, some other common names are kikar, gum arabic tree, babul, thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia, thorny acacia, acacia nilotica.

Q - Is Acacia and Babool same?

Acacia and babool are the same, babool is the Hindi name of Acacia nilotica. Its pods, bark, and gum are widely used in Ayurveda, culinary, and other industrial purposes. 

Q - What is Babul tree called in English?

Babul tree English name is Acacia nilotica, its botanical name is Vachellia nilotica.

Q - How do you use Kikar Gond?

Kikar or Vachellia nilotica gum is used for culinary and Ayurveda medical purposes. It is used in snacks, desserts, dental health, digestion, and knee pain. 

Q - Does Babool bark have medicinal value?

In Ayurveda babool bark is used for its medicinal value, it is good for teeth and gums, cough and cold, constipation, stomach worms, urinary disorders, constipation, hair fall, and skin rashes. It has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, analgesic, antiseptic, and hemostatic properties.

Q - What is babool Gond?

Babool gond is a stick liquid that comes from the babool trunk, it is used in Ayurveda for its medicinal health benefits.

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