What is the difference between a roti, naan, paratha, and chapati? Which is healthier?

Roti, naan, paratha, and chapati are all types of Indian bread, each with its characteristics. They are my all-time favorite if they are made at home. I usually love to eat homemade naan and paratha instead of any other place. There is a big difference between them, here are the details.


This is a round, unleavened whole wheat bread cooked on a griddle. It's a staple in many Indian households and is generally thinner than other bread varieties. It can be eaten with any curry, lentils, and legumes. It is soft, fluffy, and thin in size. Its dough is made of wheat flour, salt, and water.



Naan is a leavened, oven-baked bread made from white flour dough, which is also known as all-purpose flour (Maida). Its dough is made of maida, yogurt, salt, and water, it's typically thicker, softer, and fluffier than roti. You need a tandoor for cooking naan. There are many types of naan like stuffed naan, tandoori naan, and garlic naan.



Paratha is a flaky, layered bread and can be made of flour, maida, or wheat, although wheat flour is best for paratha. It's usually thicker than roti and can be stuffed with various ingredients like vegetables, cheese, or spices. It could be stuffed with potato, radish, peas, onions, and paneer (cottage cheese). It can’t be cooked without oil or ghee.


In terms of healthiness, roti, and chapati are considered healthier options compared to naan or paratha. Roti and chapati are typically made from whole wheat flour. They are lower in calories and fat compared to naan, which is made from white flour and often contains additional ingredients like yogurt or ghee (clarified butter). Whole wheat bread tends to have more fiber and nutrients compared to bread made from refined white flour, making roti and chapati the healthier choices in this comparison. However, portion sizes and ingredients used can also impact their nutritional value.

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