Parsley: Introduction, Benefits, Uses, and Side Effects of Petroselinum Crispum

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. What is Parsley? 
3. Morphology and Chemical Components
4. Ayurvedic properties of Parsley
5. Health Benefits & Uses of Parsley
6. Side Effects of Parsley

1. Introduction

Step into the world of Parsley, where vibrant green leaves hold a treasure trove of culinary delights and potential health benefits. Scientifically known as Petroselinum Crispum, this humble herb has graced kitchens and herbal remedies for ages, offering a burst of flavor and a range of potential advantages.

In this post, we embark on a journey to uncover the secrets of Parsley, delving into its historical significance, the spectrum of benefits it brings, and the multitude of ways it can be integrated into your lifestyle. From enhancing dishes with its fresh taste to its potential role in supporting digestion and promoting overall wellness, Parsley proves to be a versatile herb with a lot to offer.

Join us as we unravel the layers of Petroselinum Crispum's charm, while also considering the potential side effects and considerations associated with its consumption. Whether you're an avid cook, a wellness enthusiast, or simply curious about the world of herbs, Parsley invites you to embark on this enlightening journey. Let's explore the flavors and potential that Parsley has to offer, discovering its versatility and virtues together.

2. What is Parsley?

In ancient times, parsley was not only used for culinary and medical purposes, but the Romans also used parsley as a remedy for sore eyes and as a tonic to increase the strength of their gladiators. was used in the Hebrew celebration of Passover as the symbol of spring and rebirth. Parsley was appreciated for its medicinal properties long before it became accepted as a food or spice.

Parsley: Introduction, Benefits, Uses, and Side Effects of Petroselinum Crispum – 2022

3. Morphology and Chemical Components

Parsley is an erect, biennial, or short-lived perennial herb with a fleshy aromatic tap root and dark green shiny leaves that rise from a short stem. There are two groups of parsley – one with plain leaves and the other with curled leaves, commonly known as moss-curled. The leaves hold a high content of vitamins (A, C, and K), and β-carotene.

It has bright green, fragrant leaves, it adds color and flavor to any food we eat, and it is used to soothe various digestive complaints. In French, it is known as French persillade (a garlic parsley mixture), in Italy and Spain it is used for making delicious salsa Verde.

An analysis of parsley shows it to consist of moisture 74.6%, protein 5.9%, fat 1.0%, minerals 3.2%, fiber 1.8%, and carbohydrates 13.5% per 100 grams of edible portion. Its mineral and vitamin contents are calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin C. Its calorific value is 87. Parsley contains a glucoside apiin and an essential oil contains apoil. The fruit contains coumarin.

Parsley Scientific Name and Habitat

Parsley’s scientific name is Petroselinum Crispum, and its other name is Prajmoda. It is native to southern Europe and is now grown throughout the tropics but tends to decay rather quickly near the equator. It is widely grown in the Philippines, Malaysia, East, and West Africa, Brazil, the Caribbean, and India.

Parsley Seeds


4. Ayurvedic properties of Parsley

Parsley, known as "Ajmoda" in Ayurveda, is a flavorful herb with various health benefits. While parsley is not a traditional herb in Ayurveda, its properties can still be understood within the framework of Ayurvedic principles.

Ayurvedic properties of parsley:

1. Rasa (Taste): Parsley is believed to have a combination of bitter (Tikta) and astringent (Kashaya) tastes.

2. Virya (Potency): It is cooling in nature (Sheeta Virya).

3. Vipaka (Post-digestive taste): The post-digestive taste is pungent (Katu Vipaka).

4. Dosha Effects: Parsley is considered to balance Pitta dosha and Kapha dosha, but its cooling nature can increase Vata dosha in excess.

Ayurvedic Uses:

  1. Digestive Health: The bitter taste of parsley can stimulate digestive juices and support healthy digestion. It may help with bloating, gas, and indigestion.

  2. Kidney Health: Parsley is known as a diuretic and may help promote healthy urine flow, aiding in the elimination of waste products from the body.

  3. Anti-inflammatory: The cooling and astringent nature of parsley may have mild anti-inflammatory effects, making it useful for managing inflammatory conditions.

  4. Oral Health: The antimicrobial properties of parsley can contribute to oral health by reducing bacteria in the mouth and promoting fresh breath.

  5. Nutrient Rich: Parsley is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, contributing to overall well-being.

  6. Skin Health: The cooling and astringent properties of parsley may benefit skin health by soothing irritation and promoting a healthy complexion.

5. Parsley Health Benefits & Uses

Parsley is rich in ascorbic acid and hence a good blood cleanser, it increases secretion and discharge of urine and relieves flatulence. Raw parsley juice has some metabolic properties for the normal functioning of the adrenal and thyroid glands. Parsley juice is a powerful immune and liver function stimulant that has antibiotic and antiviral effects.

It has antifungal, antioxidant, anti-diabetic, hypotensive, hepato-protective, neuroprotective, analgesic, spasmolytic, immunosuppressant, anti-coagulant, anti-ulcer, and estrogenic properties. Parsley is used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorder, hypertension, cardiac disease, urinary disease, diabetes, and various dermal disease.

Here are some health benefits and uses of Petroselinum Crispum

Bad Breath

Parsley is an effective remedy for bad breath, boil 2 cups of water with coarsely chopped parsley sprigs and 2 or 3 whole cloves or a quarter tablespoon ground clove. Stir the mixture frequently while cooling. Strain and use as a mouthwash or gargle serval times a day.


The herb is beneficial in treating boils, steep parsley in boiled water till it is soft and juicy, and when slightly cooler but comfortably hot apply to the boils and wrap the area with clean muslin or linen.

Digestive Disorders

Parsley aids digestion and helps prevent the formation of gas in the stomach and intestines, it is one of the most popular remedies for indigestion. Taking a couple of sprigs of fresh herb or a quarter tsp of the dried herb with a glass of water is recommended. As fresh parsley is sometimes rather tough, it should be well-masticated.

Eye Disorders

Raw parsley juice mixed with carrot juice is effective in all ailments connected with the eyes and the optic nerves including weak eyes, ulceration of the cornea, cataracts, conjunctivitis, and ophthalmia or sluggishness of the pupil.

Genito-Urinary Disorders

According to Dr. R.D. Pope, who has done considerable research on the subject parsley, is “excellent for the genito-urinary tract, being of great assistance in the calculi of the kidneys and bladder, albuminuria, nephritis, and other kidney troubles. It has been used as an effective food remedy for dropsy.

High Blood Pressure

Parsley helps to maintain blood vessels, particularly the capillaries and arterial system, in a healthy condition. It is thus very useful in high blood pressure; it may be taken serval times a day as a beverage by simmering it gently in water for a few minutes.

Insect Bites and Wounds

The application of bruised parsley heals the bites and stings of insects; it is also very effective when applied on bruised and inflamed joints. It is the most effective cleansing suppuration when applied to open wounds.

Menstrual Disorders

The herb is an effective remedy for scanty menstruation, it also assists in the regularization of the monthly periods. This action results from the presence of apiol, a constituent of the female hormone estrogen.

Cramps because of menstrual irregularities are relieved and frequently corrected with the regular use of parsley juice, especially when combined with beet, carrot, and cucumber juices.

Other Benefits and Uses

Parsley can be added freely to salads and soups, parsley is palatable and easy to digest when used by itself or cooked with other green vegetables like cabbage or roots. It can be also dried and used, parsley can be taken as a beverage, simmering gently for a few minutes, and partaking of the water.

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6. Side Effects of Petroselinum Crispum

All Ayurveda herbs are plant-based, and they don’t have any side effects, but they may react with some allopathy or homeopathy medicine. It is better to consult the doctor if you are on any medications or have unique health issues. There are some precautions when using parsley.

Raw parsley juice is an extremely potent remedy, it should never be taken in quantities exceeding 60ml at a time, especially when mixed with a larger quantity of carrot or other raw vegetable juices such as celery, lettuce, or spinach.

Some General Precautions before Starting Parsley.

  • Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
  • Consult the doctor if you are pregnant.
  • Do not take parsley, if you are suffering from any kind of critical disease.
  • If you are on diabetes or hypertension medication. Consult first with the doctor before consuming parsley.
  • If you are on any supplements, vitamins, or herbal medication, consult the doctor before taking parsley.

Note: This post is about educating the benefits and uses of parsley, consult the Ayurvedic doctor before starting.

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