What is Hemidesmus Indicus? What are the Benefits of Hemidesmus Indicus? How to use Indian Sarsaparilla? Side Effects of Anant Mool. Refreshing Tea Recipe

What is Hemidesmus Indicus?

Anantmool botanical name is Hemidesmus Indicus Root, some other common names are Ushba, Indian sarsaparilla, Anantamul. It is mainly found throughout India commonly in Bengal and extending Maharashtra to Travancore. Indian Sarsaparilla is a perennial twining or creeping herb with a woody fragrant rootstock.

Its roots are traditionally used to treat a wide variety of illnesses in Ayurveda. In the ancient Indian Ayurveda science, the plant has been mentioned as an important medicine. In 1867 it was admitted to the British Pharmacopoeia.

Indian Sarsaparilla Leaves 

Hemidesmus Indicus leaves

The leaves are simple, shortly petioled, opposite, variable, smooth, acute, and striated down the middle with white silvery color. The mature leaves are generally broad lanceolate, sometimes ovate or oval.

Indian Sarsaparilla Flower 

Hemidesmus Indicus flower

They are greenish-purple crowded in axillary cymes with opposite axils. The flowering time of Indian Sarsaparilla is October.

Indian Sarsaparilla Fruits 

Fruits are cylindrical and long up to 10 cm, are paired, cylindrical, pointed, and slender. Fruits are mature in January.

Indian Sarsaparilla Roots

Hemidesmus Indicus roots

The roots are cylindrical, slightly twisted aromatic roots, and brown-colored bark. The roots contain resins, tannin, and glycoside, it also contains essential oils that’s why the odor of the herb is due to coumarin. The roots yield a steroptency which is supposed to be a volatile acid.

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What are the Benefits of Hemidesmus Indicus?

In Ayurveda Indian Sarsaparilla Roots are mainly for medicinal purposes, the roots are a sweet tonic and exercise a soothing effect on the skin and mucous membrane. They are useful in correcting disorders due to malnutrition, purifying the blood, promoting the flow of urine, and restoring normal body functions.

The roots have alterative, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, tonic, anti-pyretic, blood purifier, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-acne, antipyretic, hepatoprotective, and antileprotic properties, roots have a sweet-bitter taste and has cold potency.

It is one of the greatest detoxifying herbs which help to clean the body, improve skin texture and purify the blood.

Here are some health benefits of Indian Sarsaparilla Root

For Fever

Indian Sarsaparilla root is beneficial in the treatment of fevers, due to its diaphoretic property, which is sweat-inducing properties and induces copious perspiration, thereby reducing temperature.

For Genito – Urinary Disorders

The Indian Sarsaparilla root is useful in syphilis, leucorrhea and another Genito-urinary disease.

For Inflammation

Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, it is beneficial in the treatment of swellings and on rheumatic joints and boils.

For Stomach Disorder

Indian Sarsaparilla root is beneficial for treating stomach disorders like dyspepsia and loss of appetite. It is helpful in stomach pain and diarrhea.

For Hair

Indian Sarsaparilla root contains hair-growing hormones, regular wash promotes hair growth and makes strong hair.

For Diabetes

Indian Sarsaparilla roots contain anti-diabetic property that helps to control blood sugar and maintain blood glucose level.

For Arthritis

Indian Sarsaparilla roots have protective activity against arthritis. This is probably due to the presence of terpenes, sterols, and phenolic compounds.

How to use Indian Sarsaparilla?

Dosage and uses depend upon the health problems and conditions or as recommended by an Ayurvedic doctor. The general recommended dosage is 3-6 grams of Indian Sarsaparilla daily once a day.

Traditional uses of Indian Sarsaparilla roots include treating digestive problems, diarrhea, blood disorders, cough, fever, anorexia, asthma, itching, and skin diseases like leprosy.

  • Make a decoction of Indian Sarsaparilla root powder and wash the hair with this decoction. Helps to prevent hair falls.
  • Take 5-6 grams of root powder of Indian Sarsaparilla with milk, gives relief from dyspepsia and loss of appetite.
  • Take 5-6 grams of root powder of Indian Sarsaparilla and mix with water to make a paste, apply it to the pain area, gives relief from arthritis.
  • Make a decoction of Indian Sarsaparilla root powder and take 50-60ml thrice a day, is effective in syphilis, leucorrhea, and other Genito-urinary disease.

Side Effects of Anant Mool

All Ayurveda herbs are plant-based, and they don’ have any side effects but they may react with some allopathy or homeopathy medicine. It is better to consult the doctor if you are on any medications or have special health issues.

Some side effects are mentioned below

  • Do not take Indian Sarsaparilla root along with digoxin can increase the heartbeat to a greater extent, which can lead to trouble.
  • Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
  • Do not take without a doctor’s prescription if you are pregnant.
  • Do not take Indian Sarsaparilla root along with lithium supplements, consult the doctor before taking.
  • If you are on diabetes or on hypertension medication. Consult first the doctor before consuming.
  • Indian Sarsaparilla root should be avoided in patients with kidney disease as it can worsen the condition.
  • It is not suggested for children below 12 years of age, the elderly, or physically or mentally weaker persons.

Refreshing Tea Recipe of Indian Sarsaparilla

This is a very easy and simple tea recipe; you can add or replace your evening tea with this refreshing herbal tea. Here is the recipe for tea.


  • Indian Sarsaparilla root powder – 40 grams
  • Rose Petals – 1 tbsp
  • Lotus Petals – 1 tbsp
  • Milk Lukewarm – ½ cup
  • Water – 2 cups
  • Honey or Palm Sugar – 1 tsp


  • Heat the pan and add water and boil it.
  • Add all the ingredients except milk and honey.
  • Boil it and make a decoction of that.
  • Strain in a cup and add milk and honey.
  • Enjoy the tea.

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