Indian Valerian botanical name is Valeriana Wallichii, some other common names are valeriana officinalis, tagar, true valerian, valerian and Tagar-Ganthoda. It is native to Eurasia and found in Kashmir Himalayas, Khasia hills in India. It is generally distributed in the mountainous region at an altitude of 1500–3000 m
The herb contains valerianic, formic, and acetic acids and essential oil, resin, starch a glucoside, and two alkaloids, chatrine and valerianine. The herb is utilized in the treatment of numerous ailments and diseases.
What is Valeriana Wallichii?
Valeriana Wallichii is commonly known as valerian and the name valerian comes from the Latin word Valere, meaning to be healthy. In contrast, others believe that it takes its name from an ancient physician, Valerius, who first employed the herb in medicine.
It is a perennial herb with rootstock thicker than the stem, producing suckers or shoots rising from the ground. The stems are furrowed, hairy below, and smooth above. The lower leaves are long compared to the smaller upper leaves. The rhizomes and roots of the plant constitute the drug.
Leaves - The leaves are made up of two or more discrete leaflets and arranged in two leaves per node along the stem. The leaf edges have teeth.
Flowers – The flowers are pink to white, they are unisexual. Male and female flowers appear on different plants. There are five petals in a flower, and the petals are fused into a tube.
Roots- The roots have antipyretic and diuretic properties and are used as a hepatic and nervine tonic. The rootstock is thick, with 6–10 cm thick, long fibrous roots knotted by uneven circular ridges. The roots are beneficial for relieving stress, anxiety, fatigue, and nervous disorders.
What are the benefits of Tagar / Valeriana Wallichii?
The leaves of the plant are collected in autumn and dried in the sun over a period. The antispasmodic and stimulant properties of the plant are well known in indigenous medicine and have been described in Ayurvedic texts.
The plant is used in the treatment of wounds, arthritis, cough, skin diseases, fever, insomnia, epilepsy, antidiuretic, and anti-constipation, it also has anticancer and antioxidant properties. Valeriana Wallichii is astringent, pungent, bitter in taste. It has hot potency and works on Vata and Kapha doshas in the human body.
Here are some health benefits of Tagar / Valeriana Wallichii
The herb is beneficial in the treatment of insomnia, it reduces excitement, irritation, and pain. The fresh juice of the plant can be used as a narcotic to induce sleep. The roots are one of the best alternative medicines for insomnia treatment.
It helps to improve digestion and appetite, and it is also used as a carminative or a gas-relieving agent. It helps to manage intestinal spasms.
For Sleep Disorders
It has anticonvulsant properties that are beneficial in managing sleep disorders, restlessness, and anxiety. It helps to increase sleeping time and decrease the restlessness of the body.
For Anxiety & Depression
Valeriana Wallichii has anxiolytic, sedative, antidepressant, and myorelaxant properties, that are beneficial in increasing the sleeping time and giving relief from anxiety & depression.
For Nervous Disorders
Valerian is a traditional remedy for functional disturbance of the nervous system. It was perhaps the earliest treatment of neurosis, accompanied by physical diseases and some mental symptoms or social maladjustment, especially in interpersonal relationships.
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What is Valeriana officinalis used for?
The herb is particularly useful in treating cases of hysteria, and restless and irritable conditions. The herb exercises a depressant action on the overall central nervous system. It has gained importance in recent years owing to its beneficial effects on epilepsy. It is also considered useful in chorea, a condition marked by incessant involuntary jerks.
Dosage and uses depend upon the health problems and conditions or as recommended by an Ayurvedic doctor. The general recommended dosage is 3-6 grams of Tagar / Valeriana Wallichii daily once a day.
Here are some dosages and uses of Tagar / Valeriana Wallichii
- Take 5 grams powder of tagar roots with milk twice a day, helps to give relief from the symptoms of menopause.
- Take 1 tsp of Valeriana Wallichii root powder with lukewarm water, helps to treat, and control anxiety.
- Taking fresh juice of tagar rhizomes and roots is beneficial in the treatment of nervous disorders.
- Taking 1 tbsp of fresh juice of tagar rhizomes and roots, is beneficial in the treatment of insomnia. It helps to induce sleep.
- Take 1 tsp of each powder, tagar root, Ashwagandha root, and Jatamansi root with water, helps to treat insomnia.
Side Effects of the Tagar / Valeriana Wallichii
All Ayurveda herbs are plant-based, and they don’ have any side effects but they may react with some allopathy or homeopathy medicine. It is better to consult the doctor if you are on any medications or have special health issues.
Some side effects are mentioned below
- Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
- Do not take without a doctor’s prescription if you are pregnant.
- If you are on diabetes or on hypertension medication. Consult first the doctor before consuming.
- If you are suffering from kidney disease, consult the doctor first before consuming Tagar / Valeriana Wallichii
- Do not take Tagar / Valeriana Wallichii with liquor, it may interact with it and cause drowsiness.
- Do not take 2000mg of Valeriana Wallichii powder or 600 mg of its rhizome extract in a day, it may side affect the body.