What is Aegle Marmelos? What are the Benefits, Uses and Side Effects of Bael Fruit? Wood Apple Smoothie

What is Aegle Marmelos?

Bael botanical name is Aegle Marmelos, some other common names are Bengal quince, golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple, or wood apple, it is mainly found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

Aegle Marmelos Tree

Aegle Marmelos is a large tree with a big stout trunk, unusual branches with long, straight outgrowth, aromatic leaves, and sweet-scented greenish-white flowers. The fruit is woody and smooth with numerous seeds which are densely covered with fibrous hair and embedded in a thick aromatic pulp. The flesh is eaten fresh or dried.

Bael tree abounds in the vicinity of temples and is held sacred by the Hindus. The history of this tree has been traced to the Vedic period (2000-800 B.C), Aegle Marmelos is mentioned in Yajur Veda. The leaves of the tree are traditionally offered to Lord Shiva, the God of Health. Lord Shiva is believed to live under the bael tree.

Bael fruits and leaves are used to treat dysentery, dyspepsia, mal-absorption, neurological diseases, edema, vomiting, and rheumatism

 Aegle Marmelos Fruit

Aegle Marmelos Fruit

Aegle Marmelos fruit shows that it consists of 61.5 % of moisture, 1.8% of protein, 0.3% Fat, 1.7% minerals, 2.9% fiber, and 31.8% carbohydrates per 100-gram serving. The mineral and vitamin content includes calcium, phosphorus, iron, carotene, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin C. It’s calorific value is 137. The active constituent of the fruit is marmorosin, which is identical to imperatorin. The fruit is aromatic, cooling, and has laxative properties. The fruits have a hard, smooth-woody shell.

Aegle Marmelos Leaves

Aegle Marmelos Leaves

The leaves contain skimmianine, sterol, and aegelin. They are dark green in color, and they are alternate, single, or compound with one or occasionally two pairs of shortly stalked opposite leaflets. The leaves are trifoliate and aromatic, mostly when chopped.

What are the Benefits of Aegle Maarmelos?

The Aegle Maarmelos is one of the most useful medicinal plants. Its medicinal properties have been described in the ancient medical treatise in Sanskrit, Charaka Samhita. All parts of the tree, stem, root, bark, leaves, and fruit at all stages of maturity have been used as medicine since ancient times.

The fruit’s medical value is high when it begins to ripen. The unripe or half-ripe fruit is good for digestion, it helps to strengthen the stomach and promotes its action.

Here are some health benefits

For Constipation

Ripe Aegle Maarmelos fruit is regarded as one of the best laxatives. It cleans and tones up the intestine, and with regular use for 2-3 months, it helps to throw out even the old accumulated fecal matter.

For Diarrhea and Dysentery

The unripe or half-ripe fruit is perhaps the most effective remedy for chronic diarrhea and dysentery. For best results consumed dried fruit powder of Aegle Maarmelos.

For Peptic Ulcer

Aegle Maarmelos leaves are an effective remedy for peptic and ulcers, they are rich in tannin which reduces inflammation and helps in the healing of ulcers.

For Ear Disorder

The root of the tree is used as a home remedy for curing ear problems, it has astringent properties which help to cure the infection, chronic inflammation, and discharge.

For Respiratory Disorder

A medicated bael leaves oil gives relief from recurrent colds and respiratory affections. Juice of bael leaves mixed with an equal quantity of gingelly or sesame oil and heated thoroughly. A few seeds of black pepper and half tsp of black cumin are added to the heated oil which is then cooled and stored for use.

A teaspoon of this oil massaged into the scalp before a head bath regularly builds resistance to cold and cough.

For Diabetes

Aegle Marmelos fruit has anti-diabetes properties, it helps to reduce diabetes and maintain healthy blood sugar levels.

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What are the uses of Aegle Marmelos?

Dosage and uses depend upon the health problems and conditions or as recommended by an Ayurvedic doctor. The general recommended dosage is 5-10 grams of Aegle Marmelos fruit twice a day before an hour of a meal. A decoction of the leaf with honey and water can also be used.

Here are the uses of the Aegle Marmelos

  • Take 5-10 leaves of Aegle Marmelos and soaked overnight in water, strained the water in a cup, and drink in the morning, helps to give relief from pain and discomfort.
  • Take 10 grams of dried Aegle Marmelos fruit powder, 1 cup water, and ½ tsp jaggery or brown sugar. Mix all of them and cook for 5-7 minutes, giving relief from diarrhea and dysentery.
  • Take 5 grams of Aegle Marmelos fruit powder with lukewarm water twice a day, helps to cure constipation.
  • Take a small piece of Aegle Marmelos root and dipped it in neem oil and light it, the oil that drips from the burning end is an effective medicine for ear problems.
  • Eat unripe or half-ripe fruit daily, helps to cure constipation.

What are the Side Effects of Stone Apple?

All Ayurveda herbs are plant-based, and they don’ have any side effects but they may react with some allopathy or homeopathy medicine. It is better to consult the doctor if you are on any medications or have special health issues.

Some side effects are mentioned below.

  • Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
  • Do not take without a doctor’s prescription if you are pregnant.
  • If you are on diabetes or on hypertension medication. Consult the doctor before consuming.
  • Excessive intake of Stone Apple may produce a sensation of heaviness in the stomach.
  • Sometimes Ayurveda herbs may interreact with allopathy or homeopathy, Consult the doctor before consuming.
  • If you are on blood-thinning medication, consult the doctor first before consuming it.
  • If you are going for surgery, then stop using Aegle Marmelos before 2 weeks of surgery.

Stone Apple / Bael Shake Recipe

Stone Apple Fruit Shake

The recipe is very easy and ready in less time, in India it is mainly used in the summer season because of its cooling properties. It is best to drink this shake in breakfast so that it can easily be digested.

Here is the Stone Apple Shake Recipe


  • Stone Apple Fruit pulp without seed – 100 gm
  • Milk – 1 ½ cup
  • Jaggery Powder or Brown Sugar – 1 tbsp.
  • Green Cardamom Powder – ¼ tsp
  • Cinnamon Powder - a small pinch
  • Ice cubes – 3-4


  • Take a mixer jar and add all the ingredients except ice cubes.
  • Blend it and add the ice cubes.
  • Put the mixture in a glass and serve cold.

Aegle Marmelos Juice Recipe

Stone Apple Juice


  • Stone Apple Fruit pulp without seed – 100 gm
  • Jaggery Powder or Brown Sugar – 1 tbsp.
  • Roasted Cumin Powder – ½ tsp
  • Salt – ¼ tsp or as per taste
  • Water – 1 glass
  • Ice Cubes – 2-3


  • Take a mixer jar and add all the ingredients except ice cubes and cumin powder.
  • Blend it and add the ice cubes and cumin powder.
  • Put the mixture in a glass and serve cold.

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Frequently Asked Question

Q - Is Aegle marmelos fruit edible?

Aegle marmelos fruit has a hard shell cover from the outside with pulp and seeds inside. Its fruit pulp is used to make summer coolers, and dessert and pulp dry powder are used in Ayurveda for medicinal purposes. In hotter regions like it is a summer refreshing drink. 

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