What is Azadirachta Indica?
Neem leaves botanical name is Azadirachta Indica leaf, some common names of neem are nim tree or Indian lilac and margosa. It is a large evergreen tree, and it is commonly found in almost part of India. It is indigenous to South Asia; the tree occurs naturally in the Decan peninsula and is grown all over India.
It is also common in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan, Japan, and tropical regions of Australia and Africa. This tree has played an important role in Ayurvedic medicine and agriculture since times immemorial.
Azadirachta Indica Leaves
The leaves of the neem tree are divided into numerous leaflets, each resembling a full-grown leaf. Neem leaves have immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, antimalarial, anti-fungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, and anti-carcinogenic properties. It is beneficial for skin disorders, and hair problems enhance appetite and boost digestion.
The leaves are useful in relieving flatulence, promoting the removal of catarrh matter and phlegm, and increasing secretion and discharge of urine. They also act as an insecticide.
Azadirachta Indica Fruit
The neem fruits are green and yellow with a seed in each, it contains a bitter taste. has antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-desertification, and detoxification properties. It purifies the blood, prevents damage caused by free radicals in the body, removes toxins, and treats insect bites and ulcers.
Azadirachta Indica Seeds
The neem seeds contain a substantial amount of essential oil, known as neem or margosa oil. The bitter constituents separated from this oil are Nimbin, Nimbinin, and nimbidin. The active constituent of these is nimbidin which contains sulfur. The blossom yields a glucoside, nimbosterin, and a highly pungent essential oil, minbosterol, nibecetin and fatty acid.
Azadirachta Indica Flowers
The tree has small, white flowers in auxiliary bunches, they contain a bitter substance and an irritant bitter oil.
Azadirachta Indica Bark
The bark of the tree is a bitter tonic and a stimulant. It arrests secretion and bleeding besides counteracting any spasmodic disorder. The root bark has the same properties as the trunk bark. The gum discharged from the stem is a stimulant and tonic with a soothing effect on the skin and mucous membranes.
What are the Benefits of Neem?
Neem tree is considered an air purifier and a preventive against malarial fever and chorea. All parts of the tree possess medicinal properties. anti-bacterial, antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-desertification, and detoxification anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, antimalarial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-mutagenic, and anti-carcinogenic properties.
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Here are some benefits of Neem / Azadirachta Indica
For Ear Ailments
Neem leaves decoction and juice are useful in various ear ailments like boils in the ear, earache, killing ear insects, and deafness.
For Eye Disease
Neem is very useful in eye disease, it helps to treat night blindness, pains, conjunctivitis, red eye, and itchy eyes.
For Hair Disorder
If there is any hair loss or it has ceased to grow, it helps to promote hair growth and slow down the hair or hair loss. Frequently application of Azadirachta Indica oil is also destroying insects in the hair.
The sap of the tree has effective medicine in leprosy, the patient’s body should be massaged with the saps, and this should be continued for 40 days.
A decoction of fresh leaves of the Azadirachta Indica is beneficial in chronic malaria and fever, because of their action on the liver.
For Oral Disorder
Cleaning teeth regularly with a Azadirachta Indica twig prevents gum disease, it firms up loose teeth and relieves toothache, evacuates the bad odor, and protects the mouth from various infections.
Azadirachta Indica bark is beneficial in piles, bleeding, and pain. Neem fruits are also good for bleeding piles.
For Skin Disease
Azadirachta Indica leaves are very effective and useful in skin diseases, they are especially beneficial in treating boils, chronic ulcers, eruptions of smallpox, syphilitic sores, glandular swellings, and wounds. They can be used as a poultice, decoction, or liniment.
For Post-Parturition Disorders
Azadirachta Indica is very useful in childbirth, administration of neem leaves juice during labor before childbirth produces a normal contraction in the uterus and prevents possible inflammation. It corrects the bowel movements and checks onset fevers, thereby facilitating normal delivery.
The use of a tepid decoction of neem leaves as a vaginal douche heals any wounds caused during delivery as well as disinfects the vaginal passage.
Some other benefits
Azadirachta Indica is a powerful insecticide to kill soil nematodes and other plant parasites and is useful as a mosquito repellent. Neem twig is also used as a toothbrush and its juice is used as an ingredient in toothpaste and contraceptive.
How to use Margosa / Neem?
Dosage and uses depend upon the health problems and conditions or as recommended by an Ayurveda doctor. The general recommended dosage is 5-10 grams of Margosa / Neem twice a day before an hour of a meal. You can make leaf decoction, oil, and ointments of Azadirachta Indica.
- Take Azadirachta Indica leaves and boil in 1 liter of water and use this water to massage the ear, it helps in earache.
- Take Azadirachta Indica leaves juice and add an equal quantity of honey, mix it, and little warm the juice. Put a few drops in the ear, which gives relief from pain.
- Two drops of lukewarm Azadirachta Indica oil and put into the ear twice a day, help to cure deafness.
- Take neem juice and apply it to the eyes, it is highly effective in the treatment of night blindness.
- Make a decoction of neem leaves and wash the hair with this, helping to reduce hair loss.
- Take 12 grams of neem leaves powder, and 1/3 tsp of black pepper powder, and mix it well. Take this mixture with water, which helps to cure leprosy.
- Take 15-60 grams of decoction of Azadirachta Indica leaves, helps to treat malaria and fever.
- Take 3 grams of Azadirachta Indica bark powder, and 6 grams of jaggery powder, mix them and take them in the morning, it is very effective in piles.
- An ointment of neem leaves is also effective in healing ulcers and wounds.
- An ointment is prepared by frying 50 grams of the leaves in 50 grams of ghee and mashing the mixture thoroughly till on ointment consistency is obtained.
Side Effects of Azadirachta Indica
All Ayurveda herbs are plant-based, and they don’ have any side effects but they may react with some allopathy or homeopathy medicine. It is better to consult the doctor if you are on any medications or have special health issues.
Some side effects are mentioned below.
- Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
- Do not take without a doctor’s prescription if you are pregnant.
- If you are on diabetes or on hypertension medication. Consult first the doctor before consuming.
- If you are suffering from kidney disease, consult the doctor first before consuming Neem
- Do not take Neem with liquor, it may interact with it and cause drowsiness.
Azadirachta Indica Hair Pack
This hair pack is very effective in hair fall and dandruff, this is an herbal home remedy for healthy and strong hair.
- Neem Leaf Powder – 2 tbsp
- Indian Gooseberry Powder – 1 tsp
- Bacopa Monnieri Powder – 1 tsp
- Butea Monosperma Powder – 1 tsp
- Mustard Oil – ½ tsp
- Take a bowl and add all the ingredients except oil and mix them well.
- Add oil and ½ cup of water and make a paste for the hair pack.
- Apply this pack to the hair scalp and on hairs.
- Wash the hair after 20 minutes.
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