What is Ziziphus Jujuba? What are the Health Benefits of Indian Jujube? How to Use Unnab Ber? Side Effects of Ziziphus Jujuba. Ziziphus Jujuba Detox Tea

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. What is Ziziphus Jujuba? 
3. Morphology
4. Ziziphus Jujuba Nutritional Value
5. Ayurvedic properties of Ziziphus Jujuba (Unnab Ber)
6. Health Benefits of Indian Jujube
7. Uses of Unnab Ber
8. Side Effects of Ziziphus Jujuba
9. Detox Tea Recipe
10. Frequently Asked Question

1. Introduction

Welcome to the world of Ziziphus Jujuba, a fruit commonly known as Indian Jujube or "Unnab Ber" in Hindi. This small but mighty fruit has been revered in traditional medicine for centuries for its numerous health benefits, which range from aiding digestion to improving skin health. Not only is it packed with essential vitamins and minerals, but it's also rich in antioxidants, making it a great addition to your diet. But that's not all - Ziziphus Jujuba is also used to make a delicious and healthy tea that can help detoxify your body. In this post, we'll explore the many health benefits of Ziziphus Jujuba, how to use it, and the potential side effects you should be aware of. So, let's dive in and discover the wonders of this amazing fruit!

2. What is Ziziphus Jujuba?

Indian Jujube botanical name is Ziziphus Jujuba, other common names are unnab ber, Indian plum, Chinese date, Chinese apple, zizyphus vulgaris, jujube, ziziphus mauritiana. It is mainly found throughout India and in the outer Himalayas up to 1,350 m. Ziziphus Jujuba is one of the hardiest fruit trees, it is a small thorny evergreen tree with vine-like branches and dark green leaves.

Ziziphus Jujuba LEAVES

3. Morphology


The leaves are glossy green, ovate, lanceolate in shape, and alternate. They are 1-3 inches in length and the tips of the leaves are rounded with three conspicuous veins at the base. The leaves are antipyretic and reduce obesity.

Ziziphus Jujuba FRUITS


The fruits are egg-shaped and orange or brown in color, with edible acid pulp and hard central stone. The fruit has two varieties – the wild one called Jharberi, which is small and round, while cultivated fruit is oval, fleshy, and bigger in size. It is sweeter as compared to the smaller kind. The fruit is cooling, digestible, tonic,

The Ziziphus Jujuba fruit has an aphrodisiac and laxative properties that remove biliousness, burning sensations, thirst, and vomiting and is also good in treating tuberculosis and blood diseases.

Ziziphus Jujuba Flowers


Flowers have sepals that are dorsally tomentose, they are golden yellow in color with 4-5 petals, and they have acrid smell. The size of the flower is less than 1 inch, and the flowering time is late spring to early summer.

4. Ziziphus Jujuba Nutritional Value

An analysis shows Ziziphus contains moisture 81.6 percent, protein 0.8 percent, fat 0.3 percent, minerals 0.3 percent, and carbohydrates 17.0 percent per 100 grams. Its minerals and vitamin contents are calcium, phosphorus, iron, carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin C. Its calorific value is 74, both fruit varieties contain Ziziphus acid and tannins.

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5Ayurvedic properties of Ziziphus Jujuba (Unnab Ber)

Jujube or Indian Date, is a fruit-bearing tree highly valued in Ayurveda for its various therapeutic properties. Different parts of the plant, including its fruits, leaves, and seeds, are used for their medicinal benefits.

Ayurvedic properties of Ziziphus jujuba:

Rasa (Taste): Ziziphus jujuba is believed to have a sweet (Madhura) taste.

2. Virya (Potency): It is cooling in nature (Sheeta Virya).

3. Vipaka (Post-digestive taste): The post-digestive taste is sweet (Madhura Vipaka).

4. Dosha Effects: Ziziphus jujuba primarily balances Vata dosha and Pitta dosha. However, in excess, it may increase Kapha dosha.

Ayurvedic Uses:

  1. Digestive Support: Ziziphus jujuba is used to support healthy digestion and manage digestive disorders like indigestion, constipation, and diarrhea due to its sweet taste and cooling properties.

  2. Relaxant and Sleep Aid: The fruit is known for its calming and relaxant effects on the nervous system. It is used to manage insomnia, anxiety, and stress, promoting better sleep.

  3. Cardiovascular Health: Ziziphus jujuba is believed to have cardio-protective properties, supporting heart health and helping to manage certain heart conditions.

  4. Immune Booster: The fruit is rich in antioxidants, which helps in boosting the immune system and protecting the body from oxidative stress.

  5. Anti-inflammatory: Ziziphus jujuba possesses anti-inflammatory properties, making it beneficial in managing inflammatory conditions.

  6. Respiratory Health: It is used to manage respiratory conditions like cough and sore throat due to its soothing and cooling effects on the throat.

  7. Skin Health: Ziziphus jujuba is used in certain Ayurvedic formulations to support skin health and manage skin disorders.

  8. Antioxidant: The fruit is rich in Vitamin C and other antioxidants, which help in neutralizing free radicals and supporting overall health.

6. What are the Health Benefits of Indian Jujube?

The Indian Jujube has aphrodisiac, hypnotic-sedative, anxiolytic, anticancer, antifungal, antibacterial, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, cognitive, antispastic, antifertility/contraception, hypotensive and antinephritic, cardiotonic, antioxidant, immunostimulant, and wound healing properties.

Ziziphus jujuba contains flavonoids, saponins, tannins, vitamin a, vitamin b, sugars, mucilage, calcium, phosphate & iron. It is used in Ayurveda to treat various health ailments.

Here are some health benefits of Indian Jujube

For Cold and Influenza

It is useful in preventing frequent attacks of cold and influenza, it helps to improve body immunity to fight against viruses and bacteria.

For Conjunctivitis

The leaves of Ziziphus jujuba are valuable in treating conjunctivitis, an infusion of the leaves should be used as an eye lotion.

For Hair Disorder

The leaves of the plant are beneficial for hair problems like hair fall, grey hair, and hair growth, leaves help to clean and prevent the scalp from disease. It also lengthens the hair and darkens them.

For Mental Retardation

Ziziphus jujuba fruits are beneficial in the treatment of mental retardation, they increase the functioning of the brain by releasing more glutamic acid into the bloodstream.

For Mouth Disorder

The fresh leaf of the plant helps to treat sore throat, reduce inflammation of the mouth, and bleeding from the gums, and health the cracked tongue due to excessive consumption of sour fruits.

For Piles

The fresh and baked leaves mixed with castor oil, apply on plies, help to treat piles.

For Skin Disorder

Ziziphus jujuba leaves give an excellent result on boils, carbuncles, and abscesses to promote suppuration. It also gives relief from painful boils and styes.

For Stomach Disorder

The bark is used for the treatment of diarrhea. Dysentery and colic. It helps to treat constipation and ease bowel movements.

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7. How to Use Unnab Ber / Ziziphus jujuba?

Dosage and uses depend upon the health problems and conditions or as an Ayurvedic doctor recommends. The general recommended dosage is 3-6 grams of Unnab Ber / Ziziphus jujuba daily once a day.

Here are some dosages and uses of Unnab Ber / Ziziphus jujuba

  • Take 1 tsp of Ziziphus jujuba fruit powder with water, helps to purify the blood and aids digestion.
  • Take 1 tsp of Unnab Ber fruit powder and mix with a pinch of black pepper, take this once daily to prevent cold.
  • Take 50 grams of leaves powder of Unnab Ber and mix with water to make a paste, apply this on your scalp. Helps to clean the scalp and prevent scalp disease.
  • Take 2 tsp of Unnab Ber leaf powder and mix with 1 tsp of lime juice, apply it on the face. It helps to treat a skin disorder.
  • Take bark infusion 1tsp once a day daily, helps to treat diarrhea and colic.
  • Take 2 tsp of Ziziphus jujuba fruit powder and boiled with half a liter of water till reduces to half. Add sugar or honey for taste and take daily at night before retiring. Helps to give relief from mental retardation.

8. Side Effects of Ziziphus Jujuba

All Ayurveda herbs are plant-based, and they don’ have any side effects but they may react with some allopathy or homeopathy medicine. It is better to consult the doctor if you are on any medications or have special health issues.

Some side effects are mentioned below

  • Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
  • Do not take without a doctor’s prescription if you are pregnant.
  • If you are on diabetes or on hypertension medication. Consult first the doctor before consuming.
  • If you are on sedatives, consult first the doctor before consuming.

9. Ziziphus Jujuba Detox Tea

This detox tea is enriched with vitamin C, which helps to increase immunity and metabolism of the body and keeps you fit, healthy, and away from cold and flu.


  • Ziziphus Jujuba Fruit Powder – 1 tsp
  • Cinnamon Powder – ¼ tsp
  • Dry Ginger Powder – ¼ tsp
  • Nutmeg Powder – ¼ tsp
  • Saffron Strads – 5-6
  • Water – 2 cups
  • Clove - 2 buds


  • Take a tea pan and add the water, boil it.
  • Add all the ingredients and boil it for 3-5 minutes
  • Pour the tea into a cup with the help of a tea filter. Add fresh lime juice and honey.
  • Drink Hot. You can also add black salt instead of honey.

10. Frequently Asked Question

Q - What is Ziziphus jujuba used for?

Ziziphus jujuba is the botanical name is Indian Jujube, it is used in Ayurveda for its medicinal health benefits. It is used to treat cold and influenza, conjunctivitis, hair fall, grey hair, and hair growth, mental retardation, piles and skin disorder.

Q - What is jujube fruit called in English?

Jujube fruit English name is Indian Jujube, Indian plum, jujube or Chinese date, It is mainly found throughout India and in the outer Himalayas up to 1,350 m.

Q - What is the common name of Ziziphus jujuba?

Ziziphus jujuba is the botanical name of Indian Jujube, other common names are unnab ber Indian plum, Chinese date, Chinese apple, zizyphus vulgaris, jujube, ziziphus mauritiana.

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