What is Swertia Chirata? What are the Health Benefits, Uses and Side Effects of Chirayta? Swertia Chirata Herbal Tea

Introduction of Swertia Chirata

Chirata botanical name is Swertia Chirata, some common names are Swertia, Indian gentian, bitter stick, chiretta, chirette, chirayta and chirette des indes.

It is a robust annual herb herbaceous plant that grows up to about 1.5 meters in height.

The Swertia Chirata is indigenous to the temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal, Bhutan, and Khasi hills in Meghalaya.

In Ayurveda, it is used to cure many diseases like diabetes, liver disorder, skin diseases, and constipation. It has long been used by Ayurvedic physicians as a bitter tonic.

What is Swertia Chirata?

The plant contains a bitter glycoside chiratin, which on hydrolysis yield two bitter principles, ophelic acid, and chiratin.

The latter is soluble in water, the ophelic acid is a brown hygroscopic substance that is soluble in water and alcohol.

It also contains resin, tannin, and 4 -8 percent of ash. Swertia Chirata is a very useful herb in Ayurveda

Its medicinal usage is well-documented in different traditional medicine such as Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, and other medical systems.

Swertia Chirata Leaves 

The leaves are in opposite pairs, broadly lanceolate, without stalks, pointed at the tip, they are cordate at the base, sessile, five to seven nerved, and 4 cm long.

Swertia Chirata Leaves

Swertia Chirata Flowers 

The plant has numerous flowers, pale green in color, tinged with purple, and long white or pink hair. The sepals and petals are four in number and each petal lobe has a pair of green, honey-secreting glands.

Swertia Chirata Flowers

Swertia Chirata Stem 

The stem is smooth with thin readily separable bark, robust and cylindrical below, but four-angled upwards and they are yellowish or purplish-brown.

Swertia Chirata Stem

What are the Benefits of Swertia?

Swertia Chirata is a valuable bitter tonic, a laxative, and an appetizer, it also corrects the disordered process of nutrition and restores the normal functioning of the system.

It has carminative, laxative, antipyretic, febrifuge, anti-periodic, anti-inflammatory, stomachic, anti-helminthic, antioxidant, anti-diabetic, and antitussive properties.

Swertia chirata has been reported as the most important medicinal properties, it is also known for its bitter taste and has tremendous uses in traditional medicines.

The plant is used as an astringent, heart tonic, liver tonic, cough, scanty-urine, melancholia, dropsy, sciatica, and skin diseases.

Here are some health benefits of Swertia chirata

For Fever

It is an effective herb for reducing fever, especially malarial fever. It is also effective in hysteria and convulsions.

For General Debility

Swertia Chirata serves as an effective tonic in case of general weakness and during convalescence.

For Intestinal Worms

Swertia Chirata possesses anthelmintic, which is worms destroying properties and is used in killing intestinal worms.

For Stomach Disorder

Swertia Chirata is an excellent herb for strengthening and promoting action of the stomach. It is used in the treatment of dyspepsia and diarrhea.

For Hiccups

Swertia Chirata roots are beneficial in hiccups and vomiting.

For Constipation

Due to laxative properties, Swertia Chirata helps to treat constipation and promote bowel movement which eases the excretion of stool from the body.

For Diabetes

Due to its anti-diabetic properties, Swertia Chirata helps to control diabetes and regulate the blood sugar level.

For Arthritis

Swertia Chirata has anti-inflammatory property that helps to treat arthritis and gout, it also helps to treat wound and ulcer.

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How to Use Swertia Chirata?

Dosage and uses depend upon the health problems and conditions or as recommended by an Ayurvedic doctor. The general recommended dosage is 3-6 grams of Swertia Chirata daily once a day.

Here are some home remedies for Swertia Chirata / Swertia

  • Take the infusion of the Swertia in a dose of 60ml or 4 tbsp twice a day, before meals. Helps to treat general debility.
  • Take 1 tsp of Swertia Chirata powder with water once a day, or take an infusion, which helps to treat intestinal worms.
  • Take 5-6 grams of Swertia Chirata powder with lukewarm water after meal, helps to treat stomach disorders.
  • Take 2 grams of Swertia Chirata root powder with honey, helps with hiccups and vomiting.

Side Effects of Chirayta / Swertia Chirata

All Ayurveda herbs are plant-based, and they don’ have any side effects but they may react with some allopathy or homeopathy medicine.

It is better to consult the doctor if you are on any medications or have special health issues.

Here are some side effects of chirayta

  • Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
  • Do not take without a doctor’s prescription if you are pregnant.
  • Do not take Chirayta / Swertia Chirata if you are suffering from diarrhea, bleeding per rectum, rectal prolapse, or fecal incontinence.
  • If you are on diabetes or hypertension medication. Consult first the doctor before consuming Chirayta / Swertia Chirata.
  • If you are above 65 years old and want to start Chirayta / Swertia Chirata, consult the doctor and talk about the health conditions.
  • If you are on any supplements, vitamins, or herbal medication, consult the doctor before taking Chirayta / Swertia Chirata.
  • Avoid Chirayta / Swertia Chirata when having intestinal ulcers as it could worsen the condition.
  • Stop taking Chirayta / Swertia Chirata at least two weeks before a scheduled surgery.
  • Chirayta / Swertia Chirata may interact with other medicines like blood sugar or blood pressure allopathy medicines.

Swertia Chirata Herbal Tea

This herbal tea is great for immunity, diabetes, and constipation. It is very simple to make, and you can drink it two times a day.

Ingredients

Yield – 2 cups

  • Swertia Chirata Powder – 1 tsp
  • Clove – 2 buds
  • Black Pepper Powder – ¼ tsp
  • Jaggery Powder – 1 tsp
  • Lemon Juice – 1 tsp
  • Water – 2 ½ cups
  • Black Salt – ½ tsp
  • Cinnamon Powder – ¼ tsp

Method

  • Take a pan and add water and boil it.
  • Add all the ingredients except lemon juice.
  • Boil it for 2-3 minutes.
  • Add lemon juice and strain the tea into cups.
  • Drink hot and enjoy the aromatic flavors.

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