What is Terminalia Chebula? What are the Benefits, Uses and Side Effects of Haritaki? 2022

Brief Introduction

Haritaki botanical name is Terminalia Chebula, some common names are chebulic myrobalan, myrobalan, harad, kadukkai, karakkaya. It is mainly found in India, Nepal, China, and south Sri Lanka, it is a medium to large size deciduous tree.

It is a flowering plant, flowers are pale white in color with a strong odor, and the flowering time is May to June. 

Terminalia Chebula leaves are dark green, and the arrangement of the leaf is in alternative opposite and shape is ovate-elliptic. The stem is dark brown in color.

It is a large tree crowded with crowded branches. The wood of the Terminalia chebula is very hard and used for construction and making agricultural implements.

What is Terminalia chebula?

Chebulic myroblan / Terminalia Chebula is a wonder herb known as the long elixir, it is the fruit of a middle-sized or large tree that has egg-shaped leaves and dull white flowers in spikes. 

Terminalia Chebula is indigenous to India, the physician in ancient India used it to treat diarrhea, dysentery, heartburn, flatulence, dyspepsia, and liver spleen disorders. 

There is an old Indian proverb that says, "If one bites a piece of haritaki, every day after meals and swallows its juice, he will remain free from all diseases."

The fruit of Haritaki contains an astringent substance, the astringency is due to the characteristic principle of chebulinic acid. It also contains tannic acid, gallic acid, resin, and some purgative principles of the nature of anthraquinone.   


Terminalia Chebula fresh fruit

Haritaki Fruit

Haritaki ripe or unripe fruits are mainly used in Ayurveda for medicinal purposes. The fruiting time of the tree is November to march. The unripe fruit is more purgative and the ripe is astringent.

It is considered in Ayurveda a medicinal plant, and it is well-known tanning material in the world. Both unripe and ripe fruits as eaten raw or used as medicine.

Terminalia Chebula fruit brown

The unripe harad fruit is light brown in color and the dried fruit is black in color, unripe fruit is mainly used in making Triphala powder, an Ayurveda-renowned medicine. If unripe fruit is picked from the tree and dried, it becomes black in color, and then it is called black myrobalan.

The fruit is yellow when it is fully ripe, when the yellow fruit has dried, it becomes very hard and is known as yellow myrobalan. The tannin contains in the fruit increases when its fully ripen.

In some places, tender fruit is collected and soaked in salted water and then made a tangy pickle of these soaked Terminalia chebula.

Terminalia Chebula fruit black

What are the Benefits of Harad?

Terminalia Chebula has been used in Ayurveda and other medicine for a long time, it is a well-known and versatile herb. It has antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antidiabetic, antimutagenic, antioxidant, antiulcer, and wound healing properties.

It has a high value of vitamin C and other values like gallic acid, ellagic acid, Vitamin K, magnesium, amino acid, flavonoids, laxative, and antioxidants. It balances Kapha Pitta and Vata doshas. 

For hair

Harad is rich in Vitamin C, magnesium, iron, and copper which are beneficial for hair growth and provides nutrition to the scalp. It is very effective for hair fall, hair loss, and hair growth.

For Digestion & Constipation

Terminalia Chebula contains laxative properties which help to control constipation, IBS, and inflammation, it is also helpful in gastrointestinal infection and diarrhea. It is beneficial to increase appetite and improve digestion.

For Cough & Cold

Its antioxidant property increases the metabolism and fights against cough and cold and helps to keep away from viral and flu.

For Weight Loss

Because of its laxative property which helps to improve digestion, which is beneficial for weight loss. It reduces toxins from the body and keeps healthy digestion. This helps to reduce the collection of cholesterol in the body.

For Skin Problems

It has healing and astringent properties, use the harad powder to heal wounds, skin problems, acne, scar, and pimples. Its rejuvenating property helps to remove dead cells and development of new cells which makes skin acne, scar, and pimples free.

For Immunity

Terminalia chebula is rich in vitamin C and has antioxidant properties that help to increase the immunity of the body, and fight against normal viral and flu symptoms. It is also beneficial for cough, cold and sore throat.

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Uses of Haritaki Powder

Among its many medicinal virtues, it is used as a mild, safe, and efficacious laxative. It helps to arrest secretion or bleeding, and strengthens and promotes stomach action. 

It is useful in correcting the disordered process of nutrition by which the organism ingests, digest, absorbs, utilities, and excretes food substances and restores the normal functioning of the system. 

Dosage and uses are dependent upon the health problems and conditions or as recommended by an Ayurvedic doctor. The general recommended dosage is 5-10 grams of harad powder twice a day.

 Here are some tips to use Haritaki Powder

  • Mix Terminalia chebula powder with coconut oil or goat milk and apply it to wound and skin problems.
  • Mix Terminalia chebula powder with ghee and consume 1 tsp daily is helpful in joint pain and arthritis.
  • Taking 1 tsp of Haritaki powder with clarified butter or ghee with rock sugar helps to control dysentery problems.
  • For constipation and piles problems, take 3-4 grams of Harad Churn with jaggery powder gives relief.
  • Rub the Haritaki churn on gums, gives relief from pyorrhea.
  • Take 3–4-gram Terminalia chebula Powder and mix with rock sugar and take it with cold milk, gives relief from inflammation.
  • Take 4-6 grams of Terminalia chebula Powder and mix with rock sugar and milk, gives relief from the burning sensation in the body.
  • Take harad powder with ginger in winter, with sugar in pre-winter, with rock salt in autumn, with jaggery in summer, and with honey in spring.
  • Take 3-4 grams harad powder with honey, gives relief from cough, cold and sore throat.

Some precautionary measures when taking Chebulic Myrobalan Powder

  1. Consult the doctor if you are breastfeeding.
  2. Do not take without a doctor’s prescription if you are pregnant.
  3. If you are on any medication, first consult the doctor before starting to take Terminalia chebula powder.
  4. If you are on any laxative medicine, consult the doctor before taking Terminalia chebula
  5. If you have sensitive skin or are allergic, consult the skin doctor first before applying it to your face.

Side Effects of Haritaki

  • Over dosages of Terminalia chebula may cause dehydration, diarrhea, and fatigue.
  • Do not take Terminalia chebula if you are on diabetes medication, consult the doctor first.
  • If you are going for any medical surgery, then stop taking harad powder before a week of surgery.
  • Do not take harad in fever, mensuration, or underweight.

Terminalia Chebula Sweet Pickle Recipe

You can make Terminalia chebula fresh fruit pickle at home with minimum ingredients. It is very easy to make and ready in minutes. Here is the full recipe.

Terminalia Chebula sweet pickle


Yield - 4

  • Fresh Terminalia chebula – 1 kg
  • Long Pepper powder – 1 tbsp.
  • Black Pepper powder– 1 tbsp.
  • Cinnamon powder – 2 tsp
  • Saffron – 1 gram
  • Cardamom seed powder – 2 tsp
  • Raisins – ½ cup
  • Water – 2 liters for boiling and 1 liter for sugar syrup
  • Sugar – 1 kg (you can take rock sugar or brown sugar)

Method of making Sweet Pickle of Haritaki

  • Take a fresh fruit of Terminalia chebula and wash them thoroughly, let them dry and wipe with a cotton cloth.
  • Take a pan, add water, and put it on heat. Add Terminalia chebula in boiling water and boil it until the pulp becomes softer and tender.
  • Take a pan, add 1-liter water, and boil it. Add sugar to boil water and heat until sugar dissolves and heat the liquid until sugar syrup attains one thread consistency.
  • Once the sugar syrup cools down, add long pepper, black pepper, cinnamon, cardamom, raisin, and saffron. Mix it well and add boiled Terminalia chebula.
  • Keep this pickle in a jar.

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Ayurveda Herbal Home Remedies for Constipation

 Frequently Asked Question

Q - What is the common name of Terminalia chebula?

Terminalia chebula botanical name is Terminalia Chebula, some common names are chebulic myrobalan, myrobalan, haritaki, and harad.

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